Articles published by us

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Here you can find articles on the usage and/or descriptions of the SCONTEL devices written by us. It consists of two major parts: papers on SSPDs and papers on Fast detectors and mixers for THz and Middle IR ranges.

Superconducting Single Photon Detector (SSPD) for visible and IR ranges


K. Smirnov, A. Divochiy, Yu. Vakhtomin, M. Sidorova, U. Karpova, P. Morozov, V. Seleznev, A. Zotova and D. Vodolazov. "Rise time of voltage pulses in NbN superconducting single photon detectors". Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 052601 (2016).

V. Shcheslavskiy, P. Morozov, A. Divochiy,  Yu. Vakhtomin, K. Smirnov and W. Becker "Ultrafast time measurements by time-correlated single photon counting coupled with superconducting single photon detector" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87, 053117 (2016)

V Seleznev, A Divochiy, Yu Vakhtomin, P Morozov, P Zolotov, D Vasil’ev, K Moiseev, E Malevannaya, K Smirnov. "Superconducting detector of IR single-photons based on thin WSi films" Journal of Physics: Conference Series 737 (2016) 012032

E. Schroeder ; P. Mauskopf ; G. Pilyavsky ; A. Sinclair ; N. Smith ; S. Bryan ; H. Mani ; D. Morozov ; K. Berggren ; D. Zhu ; K. Smirnov ; Yu. Vakhtomin  "On the measurement of intensity correlations from laboratory and astronomical sources with SPADs and SNSPDs". Proc. SPIE 9907, Opt. and IR Interferometry and Imaging V, 99070P. 2016.


M. Sidorova, A. Divochiy, Yu. Vakhtomin, K. Smirnov "Ultrafast superconducting single-photon detector with a reduced active area coupled to a tapered lensed single-mode fiber" Nanophotonics 2015, Vol.9, 093051.

O. Kahl, S. Ferrari, V. Kovalyuk, G.N. Goltsman, A. Korneev and Wolfram H. P. Pernice "Waveguide integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high internal quantum efficiency at telecom wavelengths" Scientific Reports  2015; 5: 10941.

A. Murphy, A. Semenov, A. Korneev, Yu. Korneeva, G. Gol’tsman, A. Bezryadin "Three Temperature Regimes in Superconducting Photon Detectors: Quantum, Thermal and Multiple Phase-Slips as Generators of Dark Counts" Sci. Rep. 2015; 5: 10174.

S. Ferrari, O. Kahl, V. Kovalyuk, G.N. Goltsman, A. Korneev and Wolfram H. P. Pernice "Waveguide-integrated single- and multi-photon detection at telecom wavelengths using superconducting nanowires"  Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 151101 (2015).

K. Smirnov, Yu. Vachtomin, A. Divochiy, A. Antipov and G. Goltsman "Dependence of dark count rates in superconducting single photon detectors on the filtering effect of standard single mode optical fibers" 2015. Appl. Phys. Express 8, 022501.

A. Korneev, G. Gol’tsman, Wolfram H. P. Pernice "Single-Photon Counting: Photonic integration meets single-photon detection" LaserFocusWorld, V.51. Is.5, 05/05/2015.

Korneev, A.A.; Korneeva, Y.P. ; Mikhailov, M.Yu. ; Pershin, Y.P. ; Semenov, A.V. ; Vodolazov, D.Yu. ; Divochiy, A.V. ; Vakhtomin, Y.B. ; Smirnov, K.V. ; Sivakov, A.G. ; Devizenko, A.Yu. ; Goltsman, G.N. "Characterization of MoSi Superconducting Single-Photon Detectors in the Magnetic Field"  Appl.Supercondact. IEEE Trans. V.25. 3. 2015.


Yu. P. Korneeva, M. Yu. Mikhailov, Yu. P. Pershin, N. N. Manova, A. V. Divochiy, Yu. B. Vakhtomin, A. A. Korneev, K. V. Smirnov, A. G. Sivakov, A .Yu. Devizenko and G. N. Goltsman "Superconducting single-photon detector made of MoSi film" Supercond. Sci. Technol. 27, 095012, 2014.

A. V. Glejm, A. A. Anisimov, L. N. Asnis, Yu. B. Vakhtomin, A. V. Divochiy, V. I. Egorov, V. V. Kovalyuk, A. A. Korneev, S. M. Kynev, Yu. V. Nazarov, R. V. Ozhegov, A. V. Rupasov, K. V. Smirnov, M. A. Smirnov, G. N. Goltsman, S. A. Kozlov  "Quantum key distribution in an optical fiber at distances of up to 200 km and a bit rate of 180 bit/s"  Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics. Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 171-17. 2014.


M. S. Elezov, A. V. Semenov, P. P. An, M. A. Tarkhov, G. N. Goltsman, A. I. Kardakova, and A. Yu. Kazakov. Investigating the detection regimes of a superconducting single-photon detector. Journal of Optical Technology, Vol. 80, Issue 7, pp. 435-438 (2013).

Robert Lusche, Alexei Semenov, Konstantin Il’in, Yuliya Korneeva, Andrey Trifonov, Alexander Korneev, Heinz-Wilhelm Hubers, Michael Siegel, Gregory Gol’tsman “Effect of the wire width and magnetic field on the intrinsic detection efficiency of superconducting-nanowire single-photon detectors” submitted to IEEE Trans. on Appl. Supercond.

Alexander Korneev, Yulia Korneeva, Nadezhda Manova, Michael Elezov, Pavel Larionov, Alexander Divochiy, Yury Vachtomin, Alexander Semenov, Konstantin Smirnov, and Gregory Goltsman “Recent Nanowire Superconducting Single-Photon Detector Optimization for Practical Applications” submitted to IEEE Trans. on Appl. Supercond.  DOI: 10.1109/TASC.2013.2251054.


W. Pernice, C. Schuck, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G.N. Goltsman, A.V. Sergienko, H. X. Tang “High-speed and high-efficiency travelling wave single-photon detectors embedded in nanophotonic circuits”  NATURE COMMUNICATIONS  3, 1325 (2012).

A. A. Korneev, A. V. Divochiy, Yu. B. Vakhtomin, Yu. P. Korneeva, P. A. Larionov, N. N. Manova, I. N. Florya, B. M. Voronov, K. V. Smirnov, G. N. Goltsman “IR single-photon receiver based on ultrathin NbN superconducting film” submitted to Journal of Novel Superconductivity and Magnetism.

A. Korneev, Yu. Korneeva, I. Florya, B. Voronov, G. Goltsman. "NbN Nanowire Superconducting Single-Photon Detector for Mid-Infrared". Physics Procedia V. 36, 2012, Pages 72–76.

Olga V. Minaeva, Andrew Fraine, Alexander Sergienko, Alexander Korneev, Alexander Divochiy, and Gregory Goltsman. "High Resolution Optical Time-Domain Reflectometry using Superconducting Single-Photon Detectors". Frontiers in Optics, Rochester, New York, 2012.

Michele Sclafani, Markus Marksteiner, Fraser McLennan Keir, Alexander Divochiy, Alexander Korneev, Alexander Semenov, Gregory Gol’tsman and Markus Arndt “Sensitivity of a superconducting nanowire detector for single ions at low energy” Nanotechnology 23 (2012) 065501 Download.


Alexander Korneev, Alexander Divochiy, Yury Vachtomin, Yulia Korneeva, Irina Florya, Michael Elezov, Nadezhda Manova, Michael Tarkhov, Pavel An, Anna Kardakova, Anastasiya Isupova, Galina Chulkova, Konstantin Smirnov, Natalya Kaurova, Vitaliy Seleznev, Boris Voronov and Gregory Goltsman, "Recent advances in superconducting NbN single-photon detector development", Proc. SPIE 8072, 807202 (2011); doi:10.1117/12.889110

Alexander Korneev, Yulia Korneeva, Irina Florya, Boris Voronov and Gregory Goltsman, "Spectral sensitivity of narrow strip NbN superconducting single-photon detector", Proc. SPIE 8072, 80720G (2011); doi:10.1117/12.889111

N.N. Manova, Yu.P. Korneeva, A.A. Korneev, W. Slysz, B.M. Voronov, G.N. Gol’tsman “Superconducting NbN Single-Photon Detector Integrated with Quarter-Wave Resonator” Technical Physics Letters, 2011, vol 37, No 5, pp 469-471

Y. Korneeva, I. Florya, A. Semenov, A. Korneev, and G. Goltsman “New Generation of Nanowire NbN Superconducting Single-Photon Detector for Mid-Infrared” IEEE Trans on Appl Supercond, vol. 21, issue 3, pages 323-326, 2011


D. Elvira, A. Michon, B. Fain, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, I. Robert-Philip, Y. Vachtomin, A. V. Divochiy, K. V. Smirnov, G. N. Gol’tsman, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos “Time-resolved spectroscopy of InAsP/InP(001) quantum dots emitting near 2 µm” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131907 (2010) Download

L. Maingault, M. Tarkhov, I. Florya, A. Semenov, R. Espiau de Lamaestre, P. Cavalier, G. Gol’tsman, J.-P. Poizat, and J.-C. Villegier “Spectral dependency of Superconducting Single Photon Detectors” Journal of Applied Physics, vol 107, issue 9, 2010 107, 116103 (2010).


G. Goltsman; A. Korneev; A. Divochiy; O. Minaeva; M. Tarkhov; N. Kaurova; V. Seleznev; B. Voronov; O. Okunev; A. Antipov; K. Smirnov; Yu. Vachtomin; I. Milostnaya; G. Chulkova, “Ultrafast superconducting single-photon detector”, Journal of Modern Optics, 1362-3044, Volume 56, Issue 15, 2009, Pages 1670 – 1680.

Markus Marksteiner, Alexander Divochiy, Michele Sclafani, Philipp Haslinger, Hendrik Ulbricht, Alexander Korneev, Alexander Semenov, Gregory Gol'tsman and Markus Arndt "Superconducting NbN detector for neutral nanoparticles" Nanotechnology, 2009 Nanotechnology 20 455501 (6pp) doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/20/45/455501.

N. Mohan, O. Minaeva, G. Goltsman, M. Saleh, M. Nasr, A. Sergienko, B. Saleh, and M. Teich "Ultrabroadband coherence-domain imaging using parametric downconversion and superconducting single-photon detectors at 1064 nm", Appl. Optics, 48 (2009), 4009.


Eric A. Dauler; Andrew J. Kerman; Bryan S. Robinson; Joel K. W. Yang; Boris Voronov; Gregory Goltsman; Scott A. Hamilton; Karl K. Berggren, "Photon-number-resolution with sub-30-ps timing using multi-element superconducting nanowire single photon detectors", Journal of Modern Optics, Volume 56, Issue 2 & 3 January 2009, pages 364 – 373, 2008.

V. A. Seleznev, M. A. Tarkhov, B. M. Voronov, I. I. Milostnaya, V. Yu. Lyakhno, A. S. Garbuz, M. Yu. Mikhailov, O. M. Zhigalina and G N Gol’tsman, "Deposition and characterization of few-nanometers-thick superconducting Mo–Re films" Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21 (2008) 115006.

I. Milostnaya, A. Korneev, M. Tarkhov, A. Divochiy, O. Minaeva, V. Seleznev, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov, G. Gol'tsman "Superconducting, single photon nanowire detectors for IR snd THz applications" J. Low Temp. Phys. (2008) 151:591-596

M. Tarkhov, J. Claudon, J. Ph. Poizat, A. Korneev, A. Divochiy, O. Minaeva, V. Seleznev, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, A. V. Semenov, and G. Gol'tsman "Ultrafast reset time of Superconducting Single Photon Detectors" Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol.92, Issue 24, 2008.

A. Divochiy, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, A. Gaggero, R. Leoni, F. Mattioli, A. Korneev, V. Seleznev, N. Kaurova, O. Minaeva, G. Goltsman, K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Benkhaoul, F. Levy, and A. Fiore, "Superconducting nanowire photon number resolving detector at telecom wavelength", Nature Photonics, vol. 2, pp 302–306, 2008.


A Korneev, A Divochiy, M Tarkhov, O Minaeva, V Seleznev, N Kaurova, B Voronov, O Okunev, G Chulkova, I Milostnaya, K Smirnov and G Gol’tsman “New advanced generation of superconducting NbN-nanowire single-photon detectors capable of photon number resolving” Journal of Physics: Conference Series 97 (2008) 012307, 2007

Korneev, A.; Vachtomin, Y.; Minaeva, O.; Divochiy, A.; Smirnov, K.; Okunev, O.; Gol'tsman, G.; Zinoni, C.; Chauvin, N.; Balet, L.; Marsili, F.; Bitauld, D.; Alloing, B.; Lianhe Li; Fiore, A.; Lunghi, L.; Gerardino, A.; Halder, M.; Jorel, C.; Zbinden, H.   Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of Volume 13, Issue 4,. 2007 Page(s):944 – 951

G. Gol’tsman, O. Minaeva, A. Korneev, M. Tarkhov, I. Rubtsova, A. Divochiy, I. Milostnaya, G. Chulkova, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, D. Pan, A. Cross, A. Pearlman, I. Komissarov, W. Slysz, and R. Sobolewski "Middle-Infrared to visible-light ultrafast superconducting single-photon detector", IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, volume 17, issue 1, 2007, p 246-251 

K. Smirnov, A. Korneev, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, M. Tarkhov, S. Ryabchun, V. Seleznev, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, G. Gol'tsman and S. Polonsky. "Ultrathin NbN film superconducting single-photon detector array". Journal of Physics: Conference Series 61 (2007) 1081–1085.

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, L. H. Li, F. Marsili, A. Fiore, L. Lunghi, A. Gerardino, Yu. B. Vakhtomin, K. V. Smirnov, and G. N. Gol’tsman, "Single-photon experiments at telecommunication wavelengths using nanowire superconducting detectors", Appl. Phys. Lett., 91:031106, 2007


K. Smirnov, A. Korneev, O. Minaeva, A. Divochiy, M. Tarkhov, S. Ryabchun, V. Seleznev, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, G. Gol’tsman, S. Polonsky "Ultrathin NbN film superconducting single-photon detector array", Journal of Physics: Conference Series 61 (2007) 1081–1085, 2006

W. Slysz, M. Wegrzecki, J. Bar, M. Gorska, V. Zwiller, C. Latta, P. Bohi, I. Milostnaya, O. Minaeva, A. Antipov, O. Okunev, A. Korneev, K, Smirnov, B. Voronov, N. Kaurova, G. Gol’tsman, A. Pearlman, A. Cross, I. Komissarov, A. Verevkin, R. Sobolewski, "Fiber-coupled single-photon detectors based on NbN superconducting nanostructures for practical quantum cryptography and photon-correlation studies", Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261113 (2006).

I. Milostnaya, A. Korneev, I. Rubtsova, V. Seleznev, O. Minaeva, G. Chulkova, O. Okunev, B. Voronov, K. Smirnov, G. Gol'tsman, W. Slysz, M. Wegrzecki, M. Guziewicz, J. Bar, M. Gorska, A. Pearlman, J. Kitaygorsky, A. Cross and R. Sobolewski "Superconducting single-photon detectors designed for operation at 1.55-?m telecommunication wavelength" Journal of Physics: Conference Series 43 (2006) 1334–1337 (* EUCAS'05 *)


A. Korneev, P. Kouminov, V. Matvienko, G. Chulkova, K. Smirnov,B. Voronov, and G. N. Gol’tsman, M. Currie, W. Lo and K. Wilsher, J. Zhang, W. Slysz, A. Pearlman, A. Verevkin, and Roman Sobolewski, "Sensitivity and gigahertz counting performance of NbN superconducting single-photon detectors", Applied Physics Letters volume 84, number 26, 28 June 2004, pp 5338-5340,


A.Verevkin, J.Zhang, R.Sobolewski, A.Lipatov, O.Okunev, G.Chulkova, A.Korneev, K.Smirnov, G.Gol'tsman, A. Semenov, "Detection efficiency of large-active-area NbN single-photon superconducting detectors in ultraviolet to near-infrared range.", Applied Physics Letters, v.80, №25, pp.4687-4689, 2002.


G. Gol'tsman, O. Okunev, G. Chulkova, A. Lipatov, A. Semenov, K. Smirnov, B. Voronov, A. Dzardanov, C. Williams, R. Sobolewski, "Picosecond superconducting single-photon optical detector" Applied Physics Letters 79 (2001): 705-707.

A. Semenov, G. Gol'tsman, A. Korneev, "Quantum detection by current carrying superconducting film", Physica C, 352 (2001) pp. 349-356.

Fast detectors and mixers for THz and Middle IR ranges


Lobanov Yury, Shcherbatenko Michael, Shurakov Alexander, Rodin Alexander V., Klimchuk Artem, Nadezhdinsky Alexander I., et al. "Heterodyne detection at near-infrared wavelengths with a superconducting NbN hot-electron bolometer mixer". Opt Lett. 2014; 39(6):1429-1432.


Shurakov Alexander, Tong Edward, Blundell Raymond, Gol'tsman Gregory. Microwave stabilization of HEB mixer by a microchip controller. In: IEEE MTT-S international microwave symposium digest.;  2012. 1-3.


Beck M., Klammer M., Lang S., Leiderer P., Kabanov V. V., Gol’tsman G. N., et al. Energy-gap dynamics of superconducting NbN thin films studied by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy. Phys Rev Lett. 2011;107(17):4.

Lobanov Y., Tong E., Blundell R., Hedden A., Voronov B., Gol'tsman G. Large-signal frequency response of an HEB mixer: from 300 MHz to terahertz. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond. 2011;21(3):628-631.

Ivan Tretyakov, Sergey Ryabchun, Matvey Finkel, Anna Maslennikova, Natalia Kaurova, Anastasia Lobastova, Boris Voronov, and Gregory Gol’tsman, “Low noise and wide bandwidth of NbN hot-electron bolometer mixers”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 033507 (2011)

Ultrawide noise bandwidth of NbN hot-electron bolometer mixers with in situ gold contacts / Ivan Tretyakov, Sergey Ryabchun, Matvey Finkel, Sergey Maslennikov, Anna Maslennikova, Natalia Kaurova, Anastasia Lobastova, Boris Voronov, Gregory Goltsman // IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. – 2011 – vol. 21, issue 3 – pp. 620 – 623.

Lobanov Y.V., Tong C.-Y.E., Hedden A.S., Blundell R., Voronov B.M., Gol'tsman G.N. Direct measurement of the gain and noise bandwidths of HEB mixers. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond. 2011;21(3):645-648.


Sergey Ryabchun, Cheuk-yu Edward Tong, Member, IEEE, Scott Paine, Yury Lobanov, Raymond Blundell, and Gregory Gol’tsman, “Temperature resolution of an HEB receiver at 810 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 19(3), 293-296 (2009)

S. Ryabchun, C.E. Tong, R.Blundell, and G. Gol'tsman, “Stabilization scheme for hot-electron bolometer receivers using microwave radiation,” IEEE Trans. Applied Supercond., 19(1), 14-19 (2009).


I. V. Ttretyakov, S. A. Ryabchun, S. N. Maslennikov, M. I. Finkel, N. S. Kaurova, V. A. Seleznev, B. M. Voronov, G. N. Goltsman. “NbN HEB mixer: fabrication, noise temperature reduction and characterization”, in Proc. of the 3rd Int. Conf. “Fundamental Problems of High-Temperature Superconductivity” (Zvenigorod, Russia, 2008), pp. 284-285

S. A. Ryabchun, I. V. Tretyakov, M. I. Finkel, S. N. Maslennikov, N. S. Kaurova, V. A. Seleznev,B. M. Voronov and G. N. Goltsman, “Fabrication and characterisation of NbN HEB mixers with in situ gold contacts,” in the Proc. of the 19th Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology (Groningen, the Netherlands, 2008), pp. 62-67


S. Ryabchun, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, R Kimberk and G. Gol’tsman, “Study of the Effect of Microwave Radiation on the Operation of HEB Mixers in the Terahertz Frequency Range ”, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 17(2), 391-394 (2007)

Sergey Ryabchun; Cheuk-yu E. Tong; Raymond Blundell; Robert Kimberk; Gregory Gol'tsman, “Stabilisation of the terahertz Hot-Electron Bolometer mixer with microwave feedback control”, in the Proc. of the 18h Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, MA, 2007), p. 193


Sergey Ryabchun; Cheuk-yu E. Tong; Raymond Blundell; Robert Kimberk; Gregory Gol'tsman, “Effect of microwave radiation on the stability of terahertz hot-electron bolometer mixers”, in the Proc. SPIE (Boston, MA, 2006), 6373, p. 63730J.

Maslennikov S., Finkel M., Antipov S., Polyakov S., Zhang W., Ozhegov R., Vachtomin Y., Svechnikov S., Smirnov K., Korotetskaya Y., Kaurova N., Voronov B., Gol'tsman G. “Spiral antenna coupled and directly coupled NbN HEB mixers in the frequency range from 1 to 70 THz”, in the Proc. 17th Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology (Paris, France, 2006), pp. 285-287


Maslennikov S., Finkel M., Vachtomin Y., Svechnikov S., Smirnov K., Seleznev V., Korotetskaya Y., Kaurova N., Voronov B., Gol'tsman G. “Hot electron bolometer mixer for 20 - 40 THz frequency range”, in the Proc. 16th Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology (G?oteborg, Sweden, 2005), pp. 393-397.

Yu.B. Vachtomin, S.N. Maslennikov, M.I. Finkel, K.V. Smirnov, E.V. Grishina, N.S. Kaurova, B.M. Voronov, G.N. Gol’tsman "Hot electron bolometer mixer for 20-40 THz frequency range" // Proceedings of 16th International Symposium on Space THz Technology, Chalmers, Sweden, 2-5 May, 2005.

J.J.A. Baselmans, A. Baryshev, S.F. Rekel, M. Hajenius, J.R. Gao, T.M. Klapwijk, Y. Vachtomin, S. Maslennikov, S. Antipov, B. Voronov, G. Gol'tsman "Direct Detection Effect in Small Volume Hot Electron Bolometer Mixers" //Applied Physics Letters, Vol.86, p. 163503, 2005.

G.N. Gol’tsman, Yu.B. Vachtomin, S.V. Antipov, S.N. Maslennikov, K.V. Smirnov, S.L. Polyakov, S.I. Svechnikov, N.S. Kaurova, E.V. Grishina, B.M. Voronov "NbN Phonon-cooled Hot-Electron Bolometer Mixer for Terahertz Heterodyne Receivers" //The International Society for Optical Engineering, v. 3, January 22-27, 2005, San Jose, California USA.


Yu.B. Vachtomin, S.V. Antipov, N.S. Kaurova, S.N. Maslennikov, K.V. Smirnov, S.L. Polyakov, S.I. Svechnikov, E.V. Grishina, B.M. Voronov, G.N. Gol’tsman "Noise temperature, gain bandwidth and local oscillator power of NbN phonon-cooled HEB mixer at Terahertz frequencies" //Joint 29th International conference on infrared and millimeter waves and 12th International conference on terahertz electronics, September 27-october 1, 2004, Karlsruhe, Germany

Yu.B. Vachtomin, S.V. Antipov, S.N. Maslennikov, K.V. Smirnov, S.L. Polyakov, N.S. Kaurova, E.V. Grishina, B.M. Voronov, G.N. Goltsman "Noise temperature measurements of NbN phonon-cooled Hot Electron Bolometer mixer at 2.5 and 3.8 THz" //Proceedings of 15th International Symposium on Space THz Technology, Northampton, MA, 27-29 of April, 2004.


A.D. Semenov, H.-W. Hubers, H. Richter, M. Birk, M. Krocka, U. Mair, Yu.B. Vachtomin M.I. Finkel, S.V. Antipov, B.M. Voronov, K.V. Smirnov, N.S. Kaurova, V.N. Drakinski, G.N. Gol’tsman "Superconducting Hot-Electron Bolometer Mixer for Terahertz Heterodyne Receivers" //IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, June 2003, vol.13, No.2, pp.168-171.

A.D. Semenov, H.-W. Hubers, H. Richter, K.V. Smirnov, G.N. Gol’tsman, N.S. Kaurova, B.M. Voronov, “Superconducting hot-electron bolometer mixer for terahertz heterodyne receivers“, Proc. of 14 Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology, Tucson, Arizona, April 2003

K.V. Smirnov, Yu.B. Vachtomin, S.V. Antipov, S.N. Maslennikov, N.S. Kaurova, V.N. Drakinski, B.M. Voronov, G.N. Gol'tsman, A.D.Semenov, H.Richter, H.-W.Huebers "Noise and Gain Performance of spiral antenna coupled HEB Mixers at 0.7 THz and 2.5 THz" //Proceedings of 14th International Symposium on Space THz Technology, Tucson, Arizona, USA, April 22-24, 2003.


Y.B. Vachtomin, M.I. Finkel, S.V. Antipov, B.M. Voronov, K.V. Smirnov, N.S. Kaurova, V.N. Drakinski, G.N. Goltsman, “Gain Bandwidth of Phonon-Cooled HEB Mixer Made of NbN Thin Film with MgO Buffer Layer on Si“, Proc. of 13 Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology, Cambridge, MA, March 2002, p. 259.

S.Cherednichenko, M.Kroug, P.Khosropanah, A.Adam, H.Merkel, E.Kolberg, D.Loudkov, B.Voronov, G.Gol’tsman, H.Richter, H.-W.Huebers ”A broadband terahertz heterodyne receiver with an NbN HEB mixer" Proceedings of the 13th Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology, Massachusetts, Cambridge, pp. 85-95, 2002


A.D.Semenov, H.-W.Hubers, J.Schubert, G.N.Gol’tsman, A.I.Elantiev, B.Voronov, and E.M.Gershenzon "Design and performance of the lattice-cooled hot-electron terahertz mixer" JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, VOL. 88, № 12, 2000.

A.D.Semenov, H.-W.Huebers, J.Schubert, G.N.Gol’tsman, A.I.Elantiev, B.Voronov, and E.M.Gershenzon ”Frequency dependence noise temperature of the lattice cooled hot-electron terahertz mixer" Proceedings of the 11th Int. Symp. on Space Terahertz Technology, Ann Arbor, MI, pp. 39-48, 2000.

Articles published by users of Scontel products

Dear users of SCONTEL products,

if you wish, your publication can be included here. Please send us an e-mail with the appropriate citation. There are certainly many more articles reporting results obtained using SCONTEL devices. Please help us to complete this list.

Tuning of photoluminescence and up-conversion photoluminescence properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes by chemical functionalization. Yutaka Maeda et al. NANOSCALE, 2016.

Experimental quantum key distribution without monitoring signal disturbance. Hiroki Takesue, Toshihiko Sasaki, Kiyoshi Tamaki and Masato Koashi. NATURE Photonics 9, 827–831 (2015).

Bright source of indistinguishable photons based on cavity-enhanced parametric down-conversion utilizing the cluster effect.  A. Ahlrichs and O. Benson.  Appl.Phys.Let. 108, 021111 (2016).

Quantum key distribution over 120 km using ultrahigh purity single-photon source and superconducting single-photon detectors. Kazuya Takemoto, Yoshihiro Nambu, Toshiyuki Miyazawa, Yoshiki Sakuma, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto, Shinichi Yorozu, and Yasuhiko Arakawa. Sci Rep. 2015. 5: 14383.

Remote creation of hybrid entanglement between particle-like and wave-like optical qubits. Olivier Morin, Kun Huang, Jianli Liu, Hanna Le Jeannic, Claude Fabre & Julien Laurat.  NATURE Photonics 8, 570–574 (2014).

An on-chip coupled resonator optical waveguide single-photon buffer. H. Takesue, N. Matsuda, E. Kuramochi, W.J. Munro, M. Notomi. NATURE Communications 4, № 2725.

Quantum-limited frequency fluctuations in a terahertz laser, M.S. Vitiello, L.Consolino, S.Bartalini et al, NATURE PHOTONICS, VOL 6,  2012.

Polytype control of spin qubits in silicon carbide. Abram L. Falk, Bob B. Buckley, Greg Calusine, David D. Awschalom et al.  NATURE Communications 4, № 1819.

Phase-locking to a free-space terahertz comb for metrological-grade terahertz lasers. L. Consolino, A. Taschin, P. De Natale et al.  NATURE Communications 3, № 1040.

High-speed and high-efficiency travelling wave single-photon detectors embedded in nanophotonic circuits. W. Pernice, C. Schuck et al.  NATURE COMMUNICATIONS  3, 1325 (2012).

Superconducting nanowire photon number resolving detector at telecom wavelength, A. Divochiy, F. Marsili, D. Bitauld, A. Gaggero, R. Leoni, F. Mattioli, A. Korneev, V. Seleznev, N. Kaurova, O. Minaeva, G. Goltsman, K. G. Lagoudakis, M. Benkhaoul, F. Levy, and A. Fiore,   NATURE Photonics, vol. 2, pp 302–306, 2008

Entangling independent photons by time measurement.  Matthäus Halder, Alexios Beveratos, Nicolas Gisin, Valerio Scarani, Christoph Simon & Hugo Zbinde. NATURE Physics 3, 692 - 695 (2007).

Characteristics and development of the Coherent Synchrotron Radiation sources for THz Spectroscopy.  J. Barros, C. Evainb, E. Roussel, L. Manceron, J.-B. Brubacha, M.-A. Tordeuxa, M.-E. Coupriea, S. Bielawskib, C. Szwajb, M. Labata, P. Roya. J. Molec. Spectr. 31 march (2015).

Iodide-Capped PbS Quantum Dots: Full Optical Characterization of a Versatile Absorber.  P. Stadler, S.A. Mohamed, J. Gasiorowski, M. Sytnyk, S. Yakunin, M.C. Scharber, C. Enengl, S. Enengl, D.A.M. Egbe, M.K. El-Mansy, S.S.A. Obayya, N.S. Sariciftci, K. Hingerl, W. Heiss.  Adv. Materials. V. 27, Is. 9 (2015), p. 1533–1539. 

Ultra-fast heralded single photon source based on telecom technology. Lutfi Arif Ngah, Olivier Alibart, Laurent Labonté, Virginia D'Auria and Sébastien Tanzilli.   Laser & Photonics Reviews Vol. 9, №2, pages L1–L5, March 2015.

Traceable calibration of a fibre-coupled superconducting nano-wire single photon detector using characterized synchrotron radiation. Ingmar Muller, Roman M Klein and Lutz Werner. Metrologia 51 (2014) S329–S335.

Type II–type I conversion of GaAs/GaAsSb heterostructure energy spectrum under optical pumping. S. V. Morozov, D. I. Kryzhkov, A. N. Yablonsky, A. V. Antonov, D. I. Kuritsin, D. M. Gaponova, Yu. G. Sadofyev, N. Samal, V. I. Gavrilenko and Z. F. Krasilnik. J. Appl. Phys. 113, 163107 (2013).

Experimental refutation of a class of ψ-epistemic models. M. K. Patra, L. Olislager, F. Duport, J. Safioui, S. Pironio, and S. Massar. Phys. Rev. A 88, 032112 – 2013.

Entanglement distribution over 300 km of fiber. Takahiro Inagaki, Nobuyuki Matsuda, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, and Hiroki Takesue. Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 20, pp. 23241-23249 (2013).

Quantum State Engineering of Light with Continuous-wave Optical Parametric Oscillators.  Morin, O., Liu, J., Huang, K., Barbosa, F., Fabre, C., Laurat, J. J. Vis. Exp. (87), e51224 (2014).

Polarization entangled photon-pair source based on quantum nonlinear photonics and interferometry. F. Kaiser, 1, L.A. Ngah, A. Issautier, T. Delord, b, D. Aktas, V. D׳Auria, M.P. De Micheli, A. Kastberg, L. Labonté, O. Alibarta, A. Martin, 2, S. Tanzilli. Optics Communications V. 327, 2014, 7–16.

Unequivocal Differentiation of Coherent and Chaotic Light through Interferometric Photon Correlation Measurements. A. Lebreton, I. Abram, R. Braive, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and A. Beveratos. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 163603 – 2013.

Detection of non-classical space-time correlations with a novel type of single-photon camera. Felix Just, Mykhaylo Filipenko, Andrea Cavanna, Thilo Michel, Thomas Gleixner, Michael Taheri, John Vallerga, Michael Campbell, Timo Tick, Gisela Anton, Maria V. Chekhova, Gerd Leuchs. OPTICS EXPRESS 2014. Vol. 22, No. 14.  17561-17572.

Controlling a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector using tailored bright illumination. Lars Lydersen, Mohsen K Akhlaghi, A Hamed Majedi, Johannes Skaar and Vadim Makarov. New Journal of Physics 13 (2011) 113042. 

High-fidelity single-photon source based on a Type II optical parametric oscillator. Olivier Morin, Virginia D’Auria, Claude Fabre, and Julien Laurat. Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 17, pp. 3738-3740 (2012)

Experimentally Accessing the Optimal Temporal Mode of Traveling Quantum Light States. Olivier Morin, Claude Fabre and Julien Laurat. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 213602 – 2013.

Upconversion detection near 2  μm at the single photon level. Guo-Liang Shentu, Xiu-Xiu Xia, Qi-Chao Sun, Jason S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, Qiang Zhang, and Jian-Wei Pan. Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 23, pp. 4985-4987 (2013).

Silicon-on-insulator integrated source of polarization-entangled photons. Laurent Olislager, Jassem Safioui, Stéphane Clemmen, Kien Phan Huy, Wim Bogaerts, Roel Baets, Philippe Emplit, and Serge Massa. Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 11, pp. 1960-1962 (2013).

Modified detector tomography technique applied to a superconducting multiphoton nanodetector, J. J. Renema, G. Frucci, Z. Zhou, et al, Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 2806-2813 (2012)

Gated mode superconducting nanowire single photon detectors. Mohsen K. Akhlaghi and A. Hamed Majedi. Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 2, pp. 1608-1616 (2012).

Single InAs1−xPx/InP quantum dots as telecommunications-band photon sources. D. Elvira, R. Hostein, B. Fain, L. Monniello, A. Michon, G. Beaudoin, R. Braive, I. Robert-Philip, I. Abram, I. Sagnes, and A. Beveratos. Phys. Rev. B 84, 195302 – 2011. 

Tomography and state reconstruction with superconducting single-photon detectors, J. J. Renema, G. Frucci, M. J. A. de Dood, et al, Physical Review A 86 (6), 062113.

Room temperature spontaneous emission enhancement from quantum dots in photonic crystal slab cavities in the telecommunications C band , R. Hostein, R. Braive, M. Larque, et al , APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 94, 123101 (2009).

Time-Resolved characterization of InAsP/InP quantum dots emitting in the C-band telecommunication window, R. Hostein, A. Michon, G. Beaudoin, et al,  Appl. Phys. Lett.  93,  073106 (2008).

Noise affecting photon pair generation in silicon wire waveguide. Clemmen, S ; Perret, A ; Bogaerts, W ; Baets, R ; Emplit, Ph ; Massar, S. arXiv:1101.5841.

Terahertz Near-Field Nanoscopy of Mobile Carriers in Single Semiconductor Nanodevices, A. J. Huber, F. Keilmann, J. Wittborn, et al , Nano Lett., 2008, 8 (11), 3766-3770

Entangling independent photons by time measurement, M.Hadler, A. Beveratos, N.Gisin, et al , Nature physics VOL 3 october 2007

Distribution of polarization-entangled photonpairs produced via spontaneous parametric down-conversion within a local-area fiber network: Theoretical model and experiment , Han Chuen Lim, Akio Yoshizawa, Hidemi Tsuchida, and Kazuro Kikuchi, Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 19, pp. 14512-14523 (2008)

Low power inelastic light scattering at small detunings in silicon wire waveguides at telecom wavelengths, S.Clemmen, A.Perret, J.Safioui, et al, JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 8, pp. 1977-1982 (2012)

Superconducting single photon detectors with minimized polarization dependence, S. N. Dorenbos, E. M. Reiger, N. Akopian, et al, APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 93, 161102 (2008)

Research of Single Photon Detectors Applied in Quantum Communication. Shiji Yang, Lixing You, Ming Zhang, Jianyu Wang. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering Volume 207, 2013, pp 19-27.

High coherence photon pair source for quantum communication , M.Hadler, A. Beveratos, Rob T Thew, et al , 2008 New J. Phys. 10 023027.

2-GHz clock quantum key distribution over 260 km of standard telecom fiber, Shuang Wang, Wei Chen, Jun-Fu Guo, Zhen-Qiang Yin, Hong-Wei Li, Zheng Zhou, Guang-Can Guo, and Zheng-Fu Han , Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 6, pp. 1008-1010 (2012).

Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter, S.Zaske, A.Lenhard, Ch.A. Keller, et al , arXiv:1204.6253.

Reliable and efficient control of two-photon interference in the frequency domain , L.Olislager, I.Mbodji, E.Woodhead, et al , arXiv:1107.5519v1

Generation of correlated photons in hydrogenated amorphous silicon waveguides, S. Clemmen, A. Perret, S. K. Selvaraja, et al , Optics Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 20, pp. 3483-3485 (2010)

A terahertz scanning near-field optical microscope with an attenuated total internal reflection module
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Multiphoton-Response Enhanced Quantum State Reconstruction , J. J. Renema, G. Frucci, M.J.A. de Dood, et al , arXiv:1206.5145v1

Experimentally probing the reality of the quantum state, M. K. Patra, L. Olislager, F. Duport, et al , arXiv:1206.5145.

Implementing two-photon interference in the frequency domain with electro-optic phase modulators, L.Olislager, I.Mbodji, E.Woodhead et al , New Journal of Physics 14 (2012) 043015 (18pp)

Detection of THz nanosecond pulses by a fast hot electron bolometer , N.Palka, P.Zagrajek,A.zerwinski,et al, PHOTONICS LETTERS OF POLAND, VOL. 4 (3), 106-108 (2012)

Photoluminescence Kinetics of Structures with InAs Quantum Dots for IR Photodetectors. L. V. Gavrilenko, V. M. Danil’tsev, M. N. Drozdov, D. I. Kuritsyn, and L. D. Moldavskaya. Journal of Surface Investigation. Xray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques, 2012, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 505–507.

Single photon adiabatic wavelength conversion , Stefan Preble, Liang Cao, Ali Elshaari, et al , Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 171110 (2012)

Quantum-limited linewidth in THz quantum cascade lasers. Miriam S. Vitiello ; Luigi Consolino et al. SPIE 8631, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices X, 863109, 2013. doi:10.1117/12.2006029.

A quasi-optical NbN HEB mixer with 800K DSB noise temperature at 2.5 THz. Y. Delorme et al. 22nd International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology, Tucson, 2011.

Quantitative, nanoscale free-carrier concentration mapping using terahertz near-field nanoscopy. Wittborn, J.  Weiland, R. ; Huber, A.J. ; Keilmann, F.  DOI: 10.1109/IRPS.2011.5784523.

Terahertz spectra of materials measured by the OPO-based system. M.J. Walczakowski ; N. Palka ; P. Zagrajek ; M. Szustakowski. Terahertz Physics, Devices, and Systems, 2013; doi:10.1117/12.2015375.

Hot electron bolometer for detection of fast terahertz pulses from optical parametric oscillator , N.Palka, P.Zagrajek, A.Czerwinski et al , Proc. SPIE 8544, Millimetre Wave and Terahertz Sensors and Technology V, 85440M (October 26, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.974490

Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km, Yang Liu, Teng-Yun Chen, Jian Wang, et al , Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 8587-8594 (2010)